What is Benzyl Alcohol and what is it used for ?

What is Benzyl Alcohol

Benzyl alcohol is a colourless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odour. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapour pressure. It is partially soluble in water (4g/100mL) and completely miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether.

  • Synonyms: Phenylmethanol; phenylcarbinol; Benzenemethanol; Benzoyl alcohol; Phenylmethyl alcohol;
  • Formula: C6H5CH2OH
  • CAS No: 202–859–9
  • EINECS No: 100–51–6
  • Molar mass: 108.14 g/mol
  • Density: 1.044 g/cm3
  • Solubility: partially soluble in water
  • Melting point: –15 C
  • Boiling point: 205 oC
  • Flash point: 93 C
  • Autoignition temperature: 436 C
  • Acidity (pKa): 15.4
  • Vapour pressure: 13.2 Pa at 20C
  • Relative vapour density (air=1): 3.7

Uses for Benzyl alcohol

  • Used in formulation of soaps, cosmetics and perfumes.
  • Used as a photographic developer.
  • Bacteriostatic preservative.
  • Treatment against head lice using a 5% solution (Pharmaceutical grade).
  • General solvent for inks and paints.
  • Solvent for lacquers and epoxy resin coatings

Benzyl Alcohol BP may be used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in the European Union at a maximum concentration of 1%.

Benzyl Alcohol is also listed in in Annex III of the European Union Cosmetics Directive. Its use is restricted to solvents, perfumes and flavorings. When Benzyl Alcohol is used as a fragrance ingredient, Annex III requires that the presence of this fragrance ingredient be indicated on the label of the product, and its use is limited to 0.001% in leave-on products, and 0.01% in rinse-off products.

Health & Safety:

R-phrase(s) R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.

S-phrase(s) S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice

See MSDS for Benzyl Alcohol for full details


Where to Buy Benzyl Alcohol GRG online in UK

Where to Buy Benzyl Benzoate GRG online UK


About mistralhowto

formulation chemist

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