What is Potassium Sodium Tartrate and what is it used for ?

potassium sodium tartrate

What is Potassium Sodium Tartrate

Potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate, commonly called Rochelle salt is an odourless, colourless to white crystalline solid with a salty taste. It is the double salt of tartaric acid. It is soluble in water but insoluble in alcohols. Potassium Sodium Tartrate is prepared from potassium bitartrate and sodium carbonate. Commercially it is produced as a by-product of the wine industry.

Properties and specification of Potassium Sodium Tartrate

  • Synonyms: Potassium Sodium Tartrate; E337; Seignette’s salt; Rochelle salt; Potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate; Potassium sodium 2,3-dihydroxysuccinate; L(+)-Tartaric acid potassium Sodium salt; butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-, potassium sodium salt
  • CAS number: 304–59–6
  • EINECS: 206–156–8
  • Purity: >99%
  • Appearance: colourless / white crystalline solid
  • Formula:KNaC4H4O6.4H2O

    potassium sodium tartrate structure

  • Molecular weight: 282.1
  • pH: 7–8.5
  • Density: 1.79
  • Specific gravity: 2.75 g/cm3
  • Solubility in water: soluble 630g/L @20C
  • Melting point: 75C
  • Boiling point: 220C
  • Refractive index: 1.59
  • Oil Absorption: 37g/100g

The chemical composition of Potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate consists of Water 24.53%, Potassium 13.85%, Sodium 8.15% and Tartaric acid 53.17%. When heated it melts at 70–80C; at 100C it loses 3 water molecules and eventually becomes anhydrous at 130–140C; at 220C it begins to decompose. Potassium Sodium Tartrate has the linear formula KOCOCH(OH)CH(OH)C­OONa.4H2O

Where to Buy Potassium Sodium Tartrate GRG

How to make Potassium Sodium Tartrate crystals

The salt is prepared by adding 0.5M sodium carbonate to a hot solution of 1M potassium bitartrate (cream of Tartar). The solution is mixed thoroughly and then filtered while hot. This solution is then dried to precipitate solid potassium sodium tartrate, as small crystals.

Uses for Potassium Sodium Tartrate

As additive in food industry ( E337 ) where it acts as sequestrant, emulsifier, stabilizer, buffer and antioxidant in cheese products, margarine, jellies, jams, minced meat, and sausage casings.

In pharmacology it is used as saline cathartics (usual adult dose: 5–10g). potassium bitartrate is administered rectally as a suppository with sodium bicarbonate to produce carbon dioxide, which promotes defecation by distending the rectal ampulla; administered for relief of constipation, and evacuation of the colon before surgical or diagnostic procedures or childbirth. It is not to be used on persons with heart problems or those on low sodium diets.
Potassium Sodium Tartrate is also used for the removal of toxic materials in some cases of poisoning.

Other applications include the preparation of piezoelectric crystals used in electrical appliances; as a laxative; in the manufacture of mirrors; in the plating industry; as a laboratory reagent; in the preparation of Fehlings solution for the detection of aldehydes; and for delaying the quick-setting of gypsum .

Health & Safety

This substance is not classified as dangerous according to Directive 67/548/EEC.

For full details see MSDS for Potassium Sodium Tartrate

.

Where to Buy Potassium Sodium Tartrate

Other Tartrate salts:

DiSodium Tartrate Dihydrate

Sodium hydrogen tartrate monohydrate – Sodium Bitartrate

Potassium Tartrate – Sodium Bitartrate

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What is E511 and what is it used for ?

E511 magnesium chloride FCC

What is E511 Magnesium chloride FCC

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate FCC is a high purity, naturally occuring salt with the formula MgCl2 6(H2O) which is suitable for ingestion. It is identified as E511 in the food industry. It is mostly produced from sea water and in particular the Dead Sea. Magnesium chloride as the natural mineral bischofite is also extracted (solution mining) out of ancient seabeds, for example the zechstein seabed in NW europe.
It is a colourless to white, odourless salt with a bitter taste. It has been used for centuries as an aid to improving health and well being. Its therapeutic properties are well recognised and people flock to the Dead Sea every year to bathe in its water to rejuvenate themselves. It is used in the pharmaceutical industry, pharmaceuticals, dialysis and infusion solutions, children and infantile diets, food complements, drinks, salts for sea aquariums.

SPECIFICATION

  • CAS No.: 7791–18–6
  • EINECS: 232–094–6
  • Magnesium chloride hexahydrate: 99% – 100%
  • Magnesium chloride: 47% minimum
  • Formula: MgCl2 6H2O
  • Mol weight: 203.303
  • Density: 1.569
  • Melting point: 500C
  • Dehydration temperature: 117C
  • Water solubility: 3043.05 g/L at 20 C
  • Appearance:: White powder
  • pH: 4.5–7
 High quality magnesium chloride from the Dead Sea.
  • Free from phosphate, bromides and ammonia.
  • Dissolves quickly to provide clear solution with no residues.

Magnesium chloride is an ionic halide being highly polar and very soluble in water and alcohol. It is classified as a weak lewis acid.

USES OF E511 MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE FCC:

  • For batheing in.
  • As a Food supplement to improve well-being
  • As a Food additive
  • Used as an ingredient in infant formulas.
  • Pharmaceutical preparations and medical applications.
  • Additive for marine aquariums (see below for details)
  • As a laboratory reagent.
  • For the manufacture of magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds.

E511 in the food industry

Magnesium chloride is E511. It is an ingredient in infant formulas. It is used as acidity regulator. It is added to purified water to produced mineral water. E511 is an important coagulant used in the preparation of tofa from soya milk. It is used both as a colour retention agent and firming agent in canned peas. It acts as a stabilizer in foods.
For full CODEX applications of magnesium chloride in foods click here

Product is BSE/TSE, GMO, allergen free, suitable for vegan/vegetarian diet. All religious groups, vegans and vegetarians can use E511. It has certification under ISO, GMP, KOSHER, and HALAL

E511 Magnesium Chloride FCC for health benefits

For many years Magnesium chloride has been used for batheing and ingesting to improve health and well being. For an insight into the many health benefits of the “Miracle mineral” click here

Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body. Magnesium is a required cofactor for many enzyme systems. It is required for protein synthesis and for both anaerobic and aerobic energy generation and for glycolysis, either indirectly as a part of magnesium-ATP complex or directly as an enzyme activator (Bronzetti et al., 1995; Food and Nutrition Board, 1997).
Magnesium plays a multifunctional role in cell metabolism, particularly at the level of key phosphorylations. The role of magnesium in cell division is also well recognised and it has been suggested that cell division of various cell types is highly dependent on the availability of extracellular magnesium (Rubin, 1975).
In addition magnesium may play an important role in regulating blood pressure, bone and muscle growth and helps to reduce the development of atherosclerosis, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial damage and arterial hypertension.
Magnesium deficiency has been linked to several disease states involving the cardiovascular, skeletal, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. The most frequent causes of hypomagnesemia are reduced intake, impaired intestinal absorption, renal loss and genetic diseases.

Magnesium chloride BP in Medical industry

Magnesium chloride is an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutical necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids. It is used as a source of magnesium in the treatment of hypomagnesemia in cattle, and as a chemical defibrillator in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Magnesium chloride acts as a laxative, an antacid and a anticonvulsant. It increases osmotic gradient in small intestine, which draws water into intestines and causes distention. These effects stimulate peristalsis and bowel evacuation. In antacid action, it reacts with hydrochloric acid in stomach to form water and increase gastric pH. In anticonvulsant action, magnesium chloride depresses CNS and blocks transmission of peripheral neuromuscular impulses.

MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE IN MARINE AQUARIUMS:

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is for adding magnesium to sea water. Severely low values of magnesium (900 mg/L or below) can cause low pH values and an inability to maintain proper alkalinity and calcium values. If magnesium becomes too low, coral growth will stop and followed by a decline in coral health. Carbonates and calcium are essential for all growth of corals, coralline algae, clams and invertebrates. Maintaining the correct magnesium values is very important and is indirectly responsible for coral and coralline algae growth by making it possible to maintain correct calcium, alkalinity and pH values. The magnesium content must often be increased, as shortfalls in the content can arise for various reasons. The normal magnesium content is around 1.30 ??? 1.40 mg/litre (1300???1400 ppm). To increase the magnesium content you need magnesium chloride hexahydrate or a mixture of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate (ratio of 7:1).

How to dose aquarium with magnesium chloride

50g will raise Magnesium levels by approximately 60ppm in 100 litres of salt water. It is not recommended to increase Magnesium levels by more than 60ppm per day. Simply mix the required amount into a few litres of Reverse Osmosis Water, once dissolved, slowly add to your tank in an area of high flow, preferably over a period of an hour. Alternatively add to your evaporation top up water and top up as normal.

Health & safety

Not a hazardous substance or mixture according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

 

.

Where to Buy Magnesium chloride Technical grade online

Where Buy Magnesium Sulphate / sulfate online

 

What is Magnesium Chloride FCC Food Grade and what is it used for ?

magnesium chloride BP USP Ph EUR FCC

What is Magnesium chloride FCC

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate FCC is a high purity, naturally occuring salt with the formula MgCl2 6(H2O) which is suitable for ingestion. It is identified as E511 in the food industry. It is mostly produced from sea water and in particular the Dead Sea. Magnesium chloride as the natural mineral bischofite is also extracted (solution mining) out of ancient seabeds, for example the zechstein seabed in NW europe.
It is a colourless to white, odourless salt with a bitter taste. It has been used for centuries as an aid to improving health and well being. Its therapeutic properties are well recognised and people flock to the Dead Sea every year to bathe in its water to rejuvenate themselves. It is used in the pharmaceutical industry, pharmaceuticals, dialysis and infusion solutions, children and infantile diets, food complements, drinks, salts for sea aquariums.

SPECIFICATION

  • CAS No.: 7791–18–6
  • EINECS: 232–094–6
  • Magnesium chloride hexahydrate: 99% – 100%
  • Magnesium chloride: 47% minimum
  • Formula: MgCl2 6H2O
  • Mol weight: 203.303
  • Density: 1.569
  • Melting point: 500C
  • Dehydration temperature: 117C
  • Water solubility: 3043.05 g/L at 20 C
  • Appearance:: White powder
  • pH: 4.5–7
  • High quality magnesium chloride from the Dead Sea.
  • Free from phosphate, bromides and ammonia.
  • Dissolves quickly to provide clear solution with no residues.

Magnesium chloride is an ionic halide being highly polar and very soluble in water and alcohol. It is classified as a weak lewis acid.

USES OF MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE FCC:

  • For batheing in.
  • As a Food supplement to improve well-being
  • As a Food additive
  • Used as an ingredient in infant formulas.
  • Pharmaceutical preparations and medical applications.
  • Additive for marine aquariums (see below for details)
  • As a laboratory reagent.
  • For the manufacture of magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds.

Magnesium chloride BP in the food industry

Magnesium chloride is E511. It is an ingredient in infant formulas. It is used as acidity regulator. It is added to purified water to produced mineral water. E511 is an important coagulant used in the preparation of tofa from soya milk. It is used both as a colour retention agent and firming agent in canned peas. It acts as a stabilizer in foods.
For full CODEX applications of magnesium chloride in foods click here

Product is BSE/TSE, GMO, allergen free, suitable for vegan/vegetarian diet. All religious groups, vegans and vegetarians can use E511. It has certification under ISO, GMP, KOSHER, and HALAL

Magnesium Chloride BP for health benefits

For many years Magnesium chloride has been used for batheing and ingesting to improve health and well being. For an insight into the many health benefits of the “Miracle mineral” click here

Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body. Magnesium is a required cofactor for many enzyme systems. It is required for protein synthesis and for both anaerobic and aerobic energy generation and for glycolysis, either indirectly as a part of magnesium-ATP complex or directly as an enzyme activator (Bronzetti et al., 1995; Food and Nutrition Board, 1997).
Magnesium plays a multifunctional role in cell metabolism, particularly at the level of key phosphorylations. The role of magnesium in cell division is also well recognised and it has been suggested that cell division of various cell types is highly dependent on the availability of extracellular magnesium (Rubin, 1975).
In addition magnesium may play an important role in regulating blood pressure, bone and muscle growth and helps to reduce the development of atherosclerosis, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial damage and arterial hypertension.
Magnesium deficiency has been linked to several disease states involving the cardiovascular, skeletal, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. The most frequent causes of hypomagnesemia are reduced intake, impaired intestinal absorption, renal loss and genetic diseases.

Magnesium chloride BP in Medical industry

Magnesium chloride is an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutical necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids. It is used as a source of magnesium in the treatment of hypomagnesemia in cattle, and as a chemical defibrillator in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Magnesium chloride acts as a laxative, an antacid and a anticonvulsant. It increases osmotic gradient in small intestine, which draws water into intestines and causes distention. These effects stimulate peristalsis and bowel evacuation. In antacid action, it reacts with hydrochloric acid in stomach to form water and increase gastric pH. In anticonvulsant action, magnesium chloride depresses CNS and blocks transmission of peripheral neuromuscular impulses.

MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE IN MARINE AQUARIUMS:

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is for adding magnesium to sea water. Severely low values of magnesium (900 mg/L or below) can cause low pH values and an inability to maintain proper alkalinity and calcium values. If magnesium becomes too low, coral growth will stop and followed by a decline in coral health. Carbonates and calcium are essential for all growth of corals, coralline algae, clams and invertebrates. Maintaining the correct magnesium values is very important and is indirectly responsible for coral and coralline algae growth by making it possible to maintain correct calcium, alkalinity and pH values. The magnesium content must often be increased, as shortfalls in the content can arise for various reasons. The normal magnesium content is around 1.30 ??? 1.40 mg/litre (1300???1400 ppm). To increase the magnesium content you need magnesium chloride hexahydrate or a mixture of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate (ratio of 7:1).

How to dose aquarium with magnesium chloride

50g will raise Magnesium levels by approximately 60ppm in 100 litres of salt water. It is not recommended to increase Magnesium levels by more than 60ppm per day. Simply mix the required amount into a few litres of Reverse Osmosis Water, once dissolved, slowly add to your tank in an area of high flow, preferably over a period of an hour. Alternatively add to your evaporation top up water and top up as normal.

Health & safety

Not a hazardous substance or mixture according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

 

.

Where to Buy Magnesium chloride Technical grade online

Where Buy Magnesium Sulphate / sulfate online

 

What is Magnesium Chloride BP USP Phamaceutical Grade and what is it used for ?

magnesium chloride BP USP Ph EUR FCC

What is Magnesium chloride BP

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate BP is a high purity, naturally occuring salt with the formula MgCl2 6(H2O). It is mostly produced from sea water and in particular the Dead Sea. Magnesium chloride as the natural mineral bischofite is also extracted (solution mining) out of ancient seabeds, for example the zechstein seabed in NW europe.
It is a colourless to white, odourless salt with a bitter taste. It has been used for centuries as an aid to improving health and well being. Its therapeutic properties are well recognised and people flock to the Dead Sea every year to bathe in its water to rejuvenate themselves. It is used in the pharmaceutical industry, pharmaceuticals, dialysis and infusion solutions, children and infantile diets, food complements, drinks, salts for sea aquariums.

SPECIFICATION

  • CAS No.: 7791–18–6
  • EINECS: 232–094–6
  • Magnesium chloride hexahydrate: 99% – 100%
  • Magnesium chloride: 47% minimum
  • Formula: MgCl2 6H2O
  • Mol weight: 203.303
  • Density: 1.569
  • Melting point: 500C
  • Dehydration temperature: 117C
  • Water solubility: 3043.05 g/L at 20 C
  • Appearance:: White powder
  • pH: 4.5–7
  • High quality magnesium chloride from the Dead Sea.
  • Free from phosphate, bromides and ammonia.
  • Dissolves quickly to provide clear solution with no residues.

Magnesium chloride is an ionic halide being highly polar and very soluble in water and alcohol. It is classified as a weak lewis acid.

USES OF MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE BP:

  • For batheing in.
  • As a Food supplement to improve well-being
  • As a Food additive
  • Used as an ingredient in infant formulas.
  • Pharmaceutical preparations and medical applications.
  • Additive for marine aquariums (see below for details)
  • As a laboratory reagent.
  • For the manufacture of magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds.

Magnesium chloride BP in the food industry

Magnesium chloride is E511. It is an ingredient in infant formulas. It is used as acidity regulator. It is added to purified water to produced mineral water. E511 is an important coagulant used in the preparation of tofa from soya milk. It is used both as a colour retention agent and firming agent in canned peas. It acts as a stabilizer in foods.
For full CODEX applications of magnesium chloride in foods click here

Product is BSE/TSE, GMO, allergen free, suitable for vegan/vegetarian diet. All religious groups, vegans and vegetarians can use E511. It has certification under ISO, GMP, KOSHER, and HALAL

Magnesium Chloride BP for health benefits

For many years Magnesium chloride has been used for batheing and ingesting to improve health and well being. For an insight into the many health benefits of the “Miracle mineral” click here

Magnesium is an essential mineral for the body. Magnesium is a required cofactor for many enzyme systems. It is required for protein synthesis and for both anaerobic and aerobic energy generation and for glycolysis, either indirectly as a part of magnesium-ATP complex or directly as an enzyme activator (Bronzetti et al., 1995; Food and Nutrition Board, 1997).
Magnesium plays a multifunctional role in cell metabolism, particularly at the level of key phosphorylations. The role of magnesium in cell division is also well recognised and it has been suggested that cell division of various cell types is highly dependent on the availability of extracellular magnesium (Rubin, 1975).
In addition magnesium may play an important role in regulating blood pressure, bone and muscle growth and helps to reduce the development of atherosclerosis, cardiac arrhythmias, myocardial damage and arterial hypertension.
Magnesium deficiency has been linked to several disease states involving the cardiovascular, skeletal, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems. The most frequent causes of hypomagnesemia are reduced intake, impaired intestinal absorption, renal loss and genetic diseases.

Magnesium chloride BP in Medical industry

Magnesium chloride is an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutical necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids. It is used as a source of magnesium in the treatment of hypomagnesemia in cattle, and as a chemical defibrillator in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Magnesium chloride acts as a laxative, an antacid and a anticonvulsant. It increases osmotic gradient in small intestine, which draws water into intestines and causes distention. These effects stimulate peristalsis and bowel evacuation. In antacid action, it reacts with hydrochloric acid in stomach to form water and increase gastric pH. In anticonvulsant action, magnesium chloride depresses CNS and blocks transmission of peripheral neuromuscular impulses.

MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE IN MARINE AQUARIUMS:

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is for adding magnesium to sea water. Severely low values of magnesium (900 mg/L or below) can cause low pH values and an inability to maintain proper alkalinity and calcium values. If magnesium becomes too low, coral growth will stop and followed by a decline in coral health. Carbonates and calcium are essential for all growth of corals, coralline algae, clams and invertebrates. Maintaining the correct magnesium values is very important and is indirectly responsible for coral and coralline algae growth by making it possible to maintain correct calcium, alkalinity and pH values. The magnesium content must often be increased, as shortfalls in the content can arise for various reasons. The normal magnesium content is around 1.30 ??? 1.40 mg/litre (1300???1400 ppm). To increase the magnesium content you need magnesium chloride hexahydrate or a mixture of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate (ratio of 7:1).

How to dose aquarium with magnesium chloride

50g will raise Magnesium levels by approximately 60ppm in 100 litres of salt water. It is not recommended to increase Magnesium levels by more than 60ppm per day. Simply mix the required amount into a few litres of Reverse Osmosis Water, once dissolved, slowly add to your tank in an area of high flow, preferably over a period of an hour. Alternatively add to your evaporation top up water and top up as normal.

Health & safety

Not a hazardous substance or mixture according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

 

.

Where to Buy Magnesium chloride Technical grade online

.

Where Buy Magnesium Sulphate / sulfate online

 

What is Magnesium Dichloride Technical Grade and what is it used for ?

magnesium chloride hexahydrate

magnesium dichloride hexahydrate

What is Magnesium Dichloride hexahydrate

Magnesium dichloride hexahydrate is a naturally occurring salt with the formula MgCl2 6(H2O). It is mostly produced from sea water and in particular the Dead Sea. It is a colourless to white, odourless salt with a bitter taste. It has been used for centuries as an aid to improving health and well being. Its therapeutic properties are well recognised and people flock to the Dead Sea every year to bathe in its water to rejuvenate themselves. The main uses for magnesium chloride are in the paper, textiles, cement and refrigeration industries. It also finds major applications as a de-icer and a water treatment in aquariums.

Properties of magnesium dichloride hexahydrate

  • CAS No.: 7791–18–6
  • EINECS: 232–094–6
  • Magnesium dichloride hexahydrate: 99% minimum
  • Magnesium dichloride : 47% minimum
  • Calcium chloride: 2.2% maximum
  • Sodium chloride: 0.5% maximum
  • Potassium chloride: 0.2% maximum
  • Formula: MgCl2 6H2O
  • Purity: 99%
  • Mol weight: 203.3
  • Density: 1.569
  • Melting point: 117C
  • Water solubility: 2350 g/L (20 C)
  • Appearance:: White flakes
  • pH: 8.4 270g/l at 20C)
  • High quality magnesium chloride from the Dead Sea
  • Free from phosphate, bromides and ammonia
  • Dissolves quickly to provide clear solution

Where to Buy Magnesium dichloride online

GENERAL USES OF MAGNESIUM DICHLORIDE:

  • Additive for marine aquariums (see below for details)
  • For batheing
  • Used as a deicer and prevents the formation of ice on surfaces
  • Used in the manufacture of textiles, fire proofing agents, cements and refrigeration bri­ne.
  • Used to make sorrel cement.
  • Used for dust control.
  • For the manufacture of magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds.

Magnesium DiChloride for health benefits

For many years Magnesium chloride has been used for batheing and ingesting to improve health and well being. For an insight into the many health benefits of the “Miracle mineral” click here

PLEASE NOTE that although our magnesium chloride is a natural salt produced from the waters of the Dead Sea it has not been purified to be taken orally or ingested and as such we do not promote it for this purpose.

MAGNESIUM DICHLORIDE IN MARINE AQUARIUMS:

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is for adding magnesium to sea water. Severely low values of magnesium (900 mg/L or below) can cause low pH values and an inability to maintain proper alkalinity and calcium values. If magnesium becomes too low, coral growth will stop and followed by a decline in coral health. Carbonates and calcium are essential for all growth of corals, coralline algae, clams and invertebrates. Maintaining the correct magnesium values is very important and is indirectly responsible for coral and coralline algae growth by making it possible to maintain correct calcium, alkalinity and pH values. The magnesium content must often be increased, as shortfalls in the content can arise for various reasons. The normal magnesium content is around 1.30 – 1.40 mg/litre (1300–1400 ppm). To increase the magnesium content you need magnesium chloride hexahydrate or a mixture of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate (ratio of 7:1).

Visit our Reef Range & Aquarium Information site

How to dose aquarium with magnesium dichloride

50g will raise Magnesium levels by approximately 60ppm in 100 litres of salt water. It is not recommended to increase Magnesium levels by more than 60ppm per day. Simply mix the required amount into a few litres of Reverse Osmosis Water, once dissolved, slowly add to your tank in an area of high flow, preferably over a period of an hour. Alternatively add to your evaporation top up water and top up as normal.

Click here to use our calculator

Magnesium Dichloride as a de-icer

Magnesium dichloride is considered by some to the best overall ice melting compound. It is safe to use around plant life and it is less corrosive than other ice melting compounds. Magnesium chloride is a hygroscopic compound meaning it absorbs moisture. This allows the magnesium chloride to dissolve into a brine solution very quickly hence melting ice and snow very quickly. Relatively harmless to plant life, magnesium chloride is an environmentally friendly alternative for melting ice and snow. Magnesium chloride can effectively melt ice and snow in temperatures as low as –30 degrees Celsius.

Magnesium chloride is safe to use around animals and it will not affect the paws of cats or dogs etc. It does not produce any residues that can damage carpets etc.

The product is simply applied by sprinkling the powder over the ice. When used as a solution magnesium dichloride has the added advantage of preventing ice forming on surfaces when applied before freezing. This solution is made up by dissolving 30g per litre of water. It can be sprayed at a rate of approx 5 sq m per litre.

Health & safety

Not a hazardous substance or mixture according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

See MSDS for magnesium dichloride hexahydrate for full details

.

Where to Buy Magnesium dichloride online

.

Where Buy Magnesium Sulphate / sulfate online

What is Magnesium Chloride Technical Grade and what is it used for ?

magnesium chloride hexahydrate

magnesium chloride hexahydrate

What is Magnesium chloride hexahydrate

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is a naturally occurring salt with the formula MgCl2 6(H2O). It is mostly produced from sea water and in particular the Dead Sea. It is a colourless to white, odourless salt with a bitter taste. It has been used for centuries as an aid to improving health and well being. Its therapeutic properties are well recognised and people flock to the Dead Sea every year to bathe in its water to rejuvenate themselves. The main uses for magnesium chloride are in the paper, textiles, cement and refrigeration industries. It also finds major applications as a de-icer and a water treatment in aquariums.

Properties of magnesium chloride hexahydrate

  • CAS No.: 7791–18–6
  • EINECS: 232–094–6
  • Magnesium chloride hexahydrate: 99% minimum
  • Magnesium chloride: 47% minimum
  • Calcium chloride: 2.2% maximum
  • Sodium chloride: 0.5% maximum
  • Potassium chloride: 0.2% maximum
  • Formula: MgCl2 6H2O
  • Purity: 99%
  • Mol weight: 203.3
  • Density: 1.569
  • Melting point: 117C
  • Water solubility: 2350 g/L (20 C)
  • Appearance:: White flakes
  • pH: 8.4 270g/l at 20C)
  • High quality magnesium chloride from the Dead Sea
  • Free from phosphate, bromides and ammonia
  • Dissolves quickly to provide clear solution

Where to Buy Magnesium chloride online

USES OF MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE:

  • Additive for marine aquariums (see below for details)
  • For batheing
  • Used as a deicer and prevents the formation of ice on surfaces
  • Used in the manufacture of textiles, fire proofing agents, cements and refrigeration bri­ne.
  • Used to make sorrel cement.
  • Used for dust control.
  • For the manufacture of magnesium metal and other magnesium compounds.

Magnesium Chloride for health benefits

For many years Magnesium chloride has been used for batheing and ingesting to improve health and well being. For an insight into the many health benefits of the “Miracle mineral” click here

PLEASE NOTE that although our magnesium chloride is a natural salt produced from the waters of the Dead Sea it has not been purified to be taken orally or ingested and as such we do not promote it for this purpose.

MAGNESIUM CHLORIDE IN MARINE AQUARIUMS:

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate is for adding magnesium to sea water. Severely low values of magnesium (900 mg/L or below) can cause low pH values and an inability to maintain proper alkalinity and calcium values. If magnesium becomes too low, coral growth will stop and followed by a decline in coral health. Carbonates and calcium are essential for all growth of corals, coralline algae, clams and invertebrates. Maintaining the correct magnesium values is very important and is indirectly responsible for coral and coralline algae growth by making it possible to maintain correct calcium, alkalinity and pH values. The magnesium content must often be increased, as shortfalls in the content can arise for various reasons. The normal magnesium content is around 1.30 – 1.40 mg/litre (1300–1400 ppm). To increase the magnesium content you need magnesium chloride hexahydrate or a mixture of magnesium chloride and magnesium sulphate (ratio of 7:1).

Visit our Reef Range & Aquarium Information site

How to dose aquarium with magnesium chloride

50g will raise Magnesium levels by approximately 60ppm in 100 litres of salt water. It is not recommended to increase Magnesium levels by more than 60ppm per day. Simply mix the required amount into a few litres of Reverse Osmosis Water, once dissolved, slowly add to your tank in an area of high flow, preferably over a period of an hour. Alternatively add to your evaporation top up water and top up as normal.

Click here to use our calculator

Magnesium Chloride as a de-icer

Magnesium chloride is considered by some to the best overall ice melting compound. It is safe to use around plant life and it is less corrosive than other ice melting compounds. Magnesium chloride is a hygroscopic compound meaning it absorbs moisture. This allows the magnesium chloride to dissolve into a brine solution very quickly hence melting ice and snow very quickly. Relatively harmless to plant life, magnesium chloride is an environmentally friendly alternative for melting ice and snow. Magnesium chloride can effectively melt ice and snow in temperatures as low as –30 degrees Celsius.

Magnesium chloride is safe to use around animals and it will not affect the paws of cats or dogs etc. It does not produce any residues that can damage carpets etc.

The product is simply applied by sprinkling the powder over the ice. When used as a solution magnesium chloride has the added advantage of preventing ice forming on surfaces when applied before freezing. This solution is made up by dissolving 30g per litre of water. It can be sprayed at a rate of approx 5 sq m per litre.

Health & safety

Not a hazardous substance or mixture according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

See MSDS for magnesium chloride hexahydrate for full details

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Where to Buy Magnesium chloride online

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Where Buy Magnesium Sulphate / sulfate online

 

How to grow copper sulfate crystals

Growing crystals is fun and very rewarding. It does take time and a lot of patience but the final results can be amazing.

The secret to quality crystals is working with clean equipment and good quality copper sulfate. The process involves using a saturated solution to firstly create a single seed crystal and then growing this seed crystal as large as you like.

Please note: As you will be working with hot water it is important that children are supervised at all times.

Ingredients needed to grow your own copper sulfate crystals:

  • Water
  • copper sulfate
  • 2 clean jars
  • Fishing line
  • A pencil or stiff wire
  • Tablespoon
  • A cloth
  • Gloves

Instructions on how to copper sulfate crystals:

Stage 1 – Producing a saturated solution.

  • Using gloves add copper sulfate to a jar containing water and stir until dissolved.
  • Keep adding more copper sulfate and mixing until no more will dissolve.
  • There should be some undissolved copper sulfate settled at the bottom of the jar.
  • Allow the jar to sit for an hour so that all undissolved solid settles to the bottom of the jar.
  • Carefully transfer only the liquid to a second clean jar and seal it for the next processes.

Stage 2 – Producing the seed crystal.

  • Pour some of the saturated solution into a clean jar.
  • Cover the jar with a cloth and place in a dark place (cupboard etc).
  • A few crystal should start forming at the bottom of the jar. (see notes)
  • Allow them  to continue to grow until they are large enough to handle easily.
  • Remove the crystals from the jar and keep dry for using in the next process.
  • Seed crystals that you wish to keep for later should be wrapped in tissue.

Stage 3 – Growing the large crystals.

  • Take the original jar of saturated copper sulfate solution.
  • Tie one of the seed crystals to a length of fishing line.
  • Tie the other end of the line to a pencil or some stiff wire.
  • Immerse the seed crystal into the jar making sure that it is not touching the sides or the base.
  • Place the pencil or wire across the top of the jar and fix in position with a bit of tape.
  • Cover the jar with a cloth and set aside to allow the crystal to grow.
  • Keep out of direct sunlight and away from heaters, radiators etc.
  • As the crystal grows the level of the saturated solution will drop.
  • you can top up the solution by making more of it (repeat stage 1) and adding carefully so as to avoid disturbing the growing crystal.
  • You can continue doing this for days, weeks, months or even years – it just depends on how big a crystal you want to grow.
  • When you are happy with the finished crystal remove it and store it somewhere dry.

Notes:

For the cleanest crystals distilled water should be use instead of tap water .

It is very important that during all processes you keep the containers covered to prevent dust getting in which will spoil the crystals.

If during the seed growing process you notice that the complete surface of the base is covered in tiny crystals this means that the jar was not clean and you will need to start this process again.

Where to buy quality Copper Sulfate