What is Shock Chlorine and how is it used?

WHAT IS SHOCK CHLORINE

Shock chlorine is the common name for Calcium hypochlorite, a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride, shock chlorine
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Shock chlorine

SHOCK CHLORINE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with Shock Chlorine:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

.

Where to Buy Shock chlorine / Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

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Where can i buy Shock Chlorine online UK and Ireland

WHAT IS SHOCK CHLORINE

Shock chlorine is the common name for Calcium hypochlorite, a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride, shock chlorine
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Shock chlorine

SHOCK CHLORINE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with Shock Chlorine:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

.

Where to Buy Shock chlorine / Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

Where can i buy calcium hypochlorite online UK and Ireland

WHAT IS CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE

Calcium hypochlorite is a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Calcium Hypochlorite

CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with calcium hypochlorite:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

Where to Buy Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

What is Sodium Pentahydroxyhexanoate and what is it used for?

sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate FCC

What is sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate :

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate better known as Sodium gluconate is the sodium salt of gluconic acid and is produced by fermentation of glucose. It is a white granular, crystalline solid which is very soluble in water. It is non corrosive, non toxic, biodegradable and renewable. It is resistant to oxidation and reduction even at high temperatures. The main property of sodium gluconate is its excellent chelating power, especially in alkaline and concentrated alkaline solutions. It forms stable chelates with calcium, iron, copper, aluminium and other heavy metals. It is a superior chelating agent than EDTA, NTA and phosphonates.

Properties & specification of sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate:

  • Systematic name: sodium (2R,3S,4R,5R’)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhe­xanoate
  • Other names: D-Gluconic Acid, Monosodium Salt; E576; Natriumgluconat; D-Gluconsaure; Natriumsalz; Natrium D-Gluconat;
  • Purity: 99+%
  • CAS No: 527–07–1
  • EINECS: 208–407–7
  • Molar mass: 218.14 g/mol
  • Chemical formula: NaC6H11O7
  • Appearance: white crystalline solid
  • Heavy metals: 0.002% max
  • Lead: 0.001% max
  • Reducing substances: 0.5%
  • Chloride: 0.07% max
  • Sulphate: 0.05% max
  • Arsenic: 3ppm max
  • pH: 6.5–7.3
  • Solubility: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C
  • Melting point: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C

Sodium gluconate is soluble in cold water and hot water. It is only partially soluble in methanol and ethanol.

Where to Buy sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate online

Uses for sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate:

  • It can be used as a water quality stabilizer because it has excellent inhibiting capacity to scale.
  • Used as surface cleaning agent for metals
  • Used as cleaning agent of glass bottles
  • It also can be used as water reducing agent and retarder in the building industry. Sodium gluconate is also an efficient set retarder and a good plasticiser & water reducer for concrete, cement, mortar and gypsum.

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate in the Food Industry (Food grade only)

Sodium gluconate acts as a stabilizer, a sequestrant and a thickener when used as a food additive (E576). It is approved by CODEX for use in dairy products, processed fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices, cereals, processed meats, preserved fish etc etc.

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate in Pharmaceutical industry (Pharmaceutical grade only)

In the medical field,it can keep the balance of acid and alkali in the human body,and recover the normal operation of nerve. It can be used in the prevention and cure of syndrome for low sodium.

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate in cosmetics & Personal Care products

Sodium gluconate is used as a chelating agent to form complexes with metal ions which can influence the stability and appearance of cosmetic products. Gluconates are added to cleansers and shampoos to increase the lather by sequestering hard water ions. Gluconates are also used in oral and dental care products such as toothpaste where it is used to sequester calcium and helps to prevent gingivitis.

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate in the cleaning industry

Sodium gluconate is commonly found in many household and industrial cleaners. This is because on its multi functionality. It acts as a chelating agent, a sequestering agent, a builder and a redeposition agent. In alkaline cleaners like dishwasher detergents and degreasers it prevents hard water ions (magnesium and calcium) interfering with the alkalies and allows the cleaner to perform to its maximum ability.
Sodium gluconate helps as a soil remover for laundry detergents as it breaks the calcium bond holding the dirt to the fabric and further prevents the soil redepositing onto the fabric again.
Sodium gluconate helps to protect metals like stainless steel when strong caustic based cleaners are used. It helps to break down scale, milkstone and beerstone. As a result it finds application in many acid based cleaners especially those formulated for use in the food industry.

Industrial Applications of sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate

Sodium gluconate is used in electroplating and metal finishing because of its strong affinity for metal ions. Acting as a sequestrant it stabilises the solution preventing impurities from triggering undesirable reactions in the bath. The chelation properties of gluconate assist in the deterioration of the anode thus increasing plating bath efficiency. Gluconate can be used in copper, zinc and cadmium plating baths for brightening and increasing luster.

Sodium gluconate is used in agrochemicals and in particular fertilisers. It helps plants and crops to absorb necessary minerals from the soil.

It is used in the paper and pulp industries where it chelates out metallic ions which cause problems in the peroxide and hydrosulphite bleaching processes.

Sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate in Construction Industry

Sodium gluconate is used as a concrete admix. It offers several benefits including improved workability, retarding setting times, reducing water, improved freeze-thawing resistance, reduced bleeding, cracking and dry shrinkage. When added at a level of 0.3% sodium gluconate can retard setting time of cement to over 16 hours depending on ratio of water and cement, temperature etc. As it acts as a corrosion inhibitor it helps to protect iron bars used in concrete from corrosion.

sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate as a corrosion inhibitor

When sodium gluconate is present in water above 200ppm it protects steel and copper from corrosion. Water pipes and tanks composed of these metals are prone to corrosion and pitting caused by dissolved oxygen in the circulation water. This leads to cavitation and degradation of the equipment. The sodium gluconate reacts with the metal producing a protective film of the gluconate salt of the metal eliminating the possibility of the dissolved oxygen to come into direct contact with the metal.

In addition sodium gluconate is added to deicing compounds like salt and calcium chloride which are corrosive. This helps protect metal surfaces from being attacked by the salts but not deterring from the salt’s ability to dissolve ice and snow.

Other industrial applications of importance include bottle washing, photo chemicals, textile auxiliaries, plastics and polymers, inks, paints and dyes and Water treatment.

Health & safety

This product is not classified according to the EU regulations.

Safety phrase: S24/25– Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

For full details see MSDS for sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate

.

Where to Buy sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate online

.

Keywords:

sodium gluconate, where to buy sodium gluconate, sodium gluconate food grade, sodium gluconate fcc, 527-07-1, D-Gluconic Acid Monosodium Salt, sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate, NaC6H11O7, sodium gluconate msds, 208-407-7, concrete water reducing agent and retarder, chelator, chelating agent, sequestrant, complexing agent, deicer, food additive stabilizer, corrosion inhibitor, electroplating and metal finishing,

 

Where to Buy EDTA Disodium salt online UK

Where to Buy EDTA tetra sodium salt online UK

What is Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt and what is it used for?

sodium gluconate FCC

What is Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt :

Sodium gluconate is the sodium salt of gluconic acid and is produced by fermentation of glucose. It is a white granular, crystalline solid which is very soluble in water. It is non corrosive, non toxic, biodegradable and renewable. It is resistant to oxidation and reduction even at high temperatures. The main property of sodium gluconate is its excellent chelating power, especially in alkaline and concentrated alkaline solutions. It forms stable chelates with calcium, iron, copper, aluminium and other heavy metals. It is a superior chelating agent than EDTA, NTA and phosphonates.

Properties & specification of Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt:

  • Systematic name: sodium (2R,3S,4R,5R’)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhe­xanoate
  • Other names: Sodium Gluconate; D-Gluconic Acid, Monosodium Salt; E576; Natriumgluconat; D-Gluconsaure; Natriumsalz; Natrium D-Gluconat;
  • Purity: 99+%
  • CAS No: 527–07–1
  • EINECS: 208–407–7
  • Molar mass: 218.14 g/mol
  • Chemical formula: NaC6H11O7
  • Appearance: white crystalline solid
  • Heavy metals: 0.002% max
  • Lead: 0.001% max
  • Reducing substances: 0.5%
  • Chloride: 0.07% max
  • Sulphate: 0.05% max
  • Arsenic: 3ppm max
  • pH: 6.5–7.3
  • Solubility: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C
  • Melting point: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C

Sodium gluconate is soluble in cold water and hot water. It is only partially soluble in methanol and ethanol.

Where to Buy Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt online

General Uses for Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt:

  • In the field of medicine, it can maintain the balance of acid and alkali in the human body, and recover the normal operation of nerves.
  • It can be used in the prevention and cure of the syndrome for low sodium.
  • It can be used as a water quality stabilizer because it has excellent inhibiting capacity to scale.
  • Used as surface cleaning agent for metals
  • Used as cleaning agent of glass bottles
  • It also can be used as water reducing agent and retarder in the building industry. Sodium gluconate is also an efficient set retarder and a good plasticiser & water reducer for concrete, cement, mortar and gypsum.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt in the Food Industry (food grade only)

Sodium gluconate acts as a stabilizer, a sequestrant and a thickener when used as a food additive (E576). It is approved by CODEX for use in dairy products, processed fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices, cereals, processed meats, preserved fish etc etc.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt in Pharmaceutical industry (pharmaceutical grade only)

In the medical field,it can keep the balance of acid and alkali in the human body,and recover the normal operation of nerve. It can be used in the prevention and cure of syndrome for low sodium.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt in cosmetics & Personal Care products

Sodium gluconate is used as a chelating agent to form complexes with metal ions which can influence the stability and appearance of cosmetic products. Gluconates are added to cleansers and shampoos to increase the lather by sequestering hard water ions. Gluconates are also used in oral and dental care products such as toothpaste where it is used to sequester calcium and helps to prevent gingivitis.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt in the cleaning industry

Sodium gluconate is commonly found in many household and industrial cleaners. This is because on its multi functionality. It acts as a chelating agent, a sequestering agent, a builder and a redeposition agent. In alkaline cleaners like dishwasher detergents and degreasers it prevents hard water ions (magnesium and calcium) interfering with the alkalies and allows the cleaner to perform to its maximum ability.
Sodium gluconate helps as a soil remover for laundry detergents as it breaks the calcium bond holding the dirt to the fabric and further prevents the soil redepositing onto the fabric again.
Sodium gluconate helps to protect metals like stainless steel when strong caustic based cleaners are used. It helps to break down scale, milkstone and beerstone. As a result it finds application in many acid based cleaners especially those formulated for use in the food industry.

Industrial Applications of Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt

Sodium gluconate is used in electroplating and metal finishing because of its strong affinity for metal ions. Acting as a sequestrant it stabilises the solution preventing impurities from triggering undesirable reactions in the bath. The chelation properties of gluconate assist in the deterioration of the anode thus increasing plating bath efficiency. Gluconate can be used in copper, zinc and cadmium plating baths for brightening and increasing luster.

Sodium gluconate is used in agrochemicals and in particular fertilisers. It helps plants and crops to absorb necessary minerals from the soil.

It is used in the paper and pulp industries where it chelates out metallic ions which cause problems in the peroxide and hydrosulphite bleaching processes.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt in Construction Industry

Sodium gluconate is used as a concrete admix. It offers several benefits including improved workability, retarding setting times, reducing water, improved freeze-thawing resistance, reduced bleeding, cracking and dry shrinkage. When added at a level of 0.3% sodium gluconate can retard setting time of cement to over 16 hours depending on ratio of water and cement, temperature etc. As it acts as a corrosion inhibitor it helps to protect iron bars used in concrete from corrosion.

Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt as a corrosion inhibitor

When sodium gluconate is present in water above 200ppm it protects steel and copper from corrosion. Water pipes and tanks composed of these metals are prone to corrosion and pitting caused by dissolved oxygen in the circulation water. This leads to cavitation and degradation of the equipment. The sodium gluconate reacts with the metal producing a protective film of the gluconate salt of the metal eliminating the possibility of the dissolved oxygen to come into direct contact with the metal.

In addition sodium gluconate is added to deicing compounds like salt and calcium chloride which are corrosive. This helps protect metal surfaces from being attacked by the salts but not deterring from the salt’s ability to dissolve ice and snow.

Other industrial applications of importance include bottle washing, photo chemicals, textile auxiliaries, plastics and polymers, inks, paints and dyes and Water treatment.

Health & safety

This product is not classified according to the EU regulations.

Safety phrase: S24/25– Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

For full details see MSDS for Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt

.

Where to Buy Gluconic Acid Sodium Salt online

.

Keywords:

sodium gluconate, where to buy sodium gluconate, sodium gluconate food grade, sodium gluconate fcc, 527-07-1, D-Gluconic Acid Monosodium Salt, sodium pentahydroxyhexanoate, NaC6H11O7, sodium gluconate msds, 208-407-7, concrete water reducing agent and retarder, chelator, chelating agent, sequestrant, complexing agent, deicer, food additive stabilizer, corrosion inhibitor, electroplating and metal finishing,

 

Where to Buy EDTA Disodium salt online UK

Where to Buy EDTA tetra sodium salt online UK

What is Sodium Gluconate and what is it used for?

sodium gluconate FCC

What is Sodium gluconate :

Sodium gluconate is the sodium salt of gluconic acid and is produced by fermentation of glucose. It is a white granular, crystalline solid which is very soluble in water. It is non corrosive, non toxic, biodegradable and renewable. It is resistant to oxidation and reduction even at high temperatures. The main property of sodium gluconate is its excellent chelating power, especially in alkaline and concentrated alkaline solutions. It forms stable chelates with calcium, iron, copper, aluminium and other heavy metals. It is a superior chelating agent than EDTA, NTA and phosphonates.

Properties & specification of sodium gluconate:

  • Systematic name: sodium (2R,3S,4R,5R’)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhe­xanoate
  • Other names: D-Gluconic Acid, Monosodium Salt; E576; Natriumgluconat; D-Gluconsaure; Natriumsalz; Natrium D-Gluconat;
  • Purity: 99+%
  • CAS No: 527–07–1
  • EINECS: 208–407–7
  • Molar mass: 218.14 g/mol
  • Chemical formula: NaC6H11O7
  • Appearance: white crystalline solid
  • Heavy metals: 0.002% max
  • Lead: 0.001% max
  • Reducing substances: 0.5%
  • Chloride: 0.07% max
  • Sulphate: 0.05% max
  • Arsenic: 3ppm max
  • pH: 6.5–7.3
  • Solubility: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C
  • Melting point: soluble in water 590 g/l @ 25C

Sodium gluconate is soluble in cold water and hot water. It is only partially soluble in methanol and ethanol.

Where to Buy Sodium Gluconate online

Uses for Sodium Gluconate:

  • In the field of medicine, it can maintain the balance of acid and alkali in the human body, and recover the normal operation of nerves.
  • It can be used in the prevention and cure of the syndrome for low sodium.
  • It can be used as a water quality stabilizer because it has excellent inhibiting capacity to scale.
  • Used as surface cleaning agent for metals
  • Used as cleaning agent of glass bottles
  • It also can be used as water reducing agent and retarder in the building industry. Sodium gluconate is also an efficient set retarder and a good plasticiser & water reducer for concrete, cement, mortar and gypsum.

Sodium gluconate in the Food Industry (food grade only)

Sodium gluconate acts as a stabilizer, a sequestrant and a thickener when used as a food additive (E576). It is approved by CODEX for use in dairy products, processed fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices, cereals, processed meats, preserved fish etc etc.

Sodium gluconate in Pharmaceutical industry (pharmaceutical grade only)

In the medical field,it can keep the balance of acid and alkali in the human body,and recover the normal operation of nerve. It can be used in the prevention and cure of syndrome for low sodium.

Sodium gluconate in cosmetics & Personal Care products

Sodium gluconate is used as a chelating agent to form complexes with metal ions which can influence the stability and appearance of cosmetic products. Gluconates are added to cleansers and shampoos to increase the lather by sequestering hard water ions. Gluconates are also used in oral and dental care products such as toothpaste where it is used to sequester calcium and helps to prevent gingivitis.

Sodium gluconate in the cleaning industry

Sodium gluconate is commonly found in many household and industrial cleaners. This is because on its multi functionality. It acts as a chelating agent, a sequestering agent, a builder and a redeposition agent. In alkaline cleaners like dishwasher detergents and degreasers it prevents hard water ions (magnesium and calcium) interfering with the alkalies and allows the cleaner to perform to its maximum ability.
Sodium gluconate helps as a soil remover for laundry detergents as it breaks the calcium bond holding the dirt to the fabric and further prevents the soil redepositing onto the fabric again.
Sodium gluconate helps to protect metals like stainless steel when strong caustic based cleaners are used. It helps to break down scale, milkstone and beerstone. As a result it finds application in many acid based cleaners especially those formulated for use in the food industry.

Industrial Applications of sodium gluconate

Sodium gluconate is used in electroplating and metal finishing because of its strong affinity for metal ions. Acting as a sequestrant it stabilises the solution preventing impurities from triggering undesirable reactions in the bath. The chelation properties of gluconate assist in the deterioration of the anode thus increasing plating bath efficiency. Gluconate can be used in copper, zinc and cadmium plating baths for brightening and increasing luster.

Sodium gluconate is used in agrochemicals and in particular fertilisers. It helps plants and crops to absorb necessary minerals from the soil.

It is used in the paper and pulp industries where it chelates out metallic ions which cause problems in the peroxide and hydrosulphite bleaching processes.

Sodium gluconate in Construction Industry

Sodium gluconate is used as a concrete admix. It offers several benefits including improved workability, retarding setting times, reducing water, improved freeze-thawing resistance, reduced bleeding, cracking and dry shrinkage. When added at a level of 0.3% sodium gluconate can retard setting time of cement to over 16 hours depending on ratio of water and cement, temperature etc. As it acts as a corrosion inhibitor it helps to protect iron bars used in concrete from corrosion.

Sodium gluconate as a corrosion inhibitor

When sodium gluconate is present in water above 200ppm it protects steel and copper from corrosion. Water pipes and tanks composed of these metals are prone to corrosion and pitting caused by dissolved oxygen in the circulation water. This leads to cavitation and degradation of the equipment. The sodium gluconate reacts with the metal producing a protective film of the gluconate salt of the metal eliminating the possibility of the dissolved oxygen to come into direct contact with the metal.

In addition sodium gluconate is added to deicing compounds like salt and calcium chloride which are corrosive. This helps protect metal surfaces from being attacked by the salts but not deterring from the salt’s ability to dissolve ice and snow.

Other industrial applications of importance include bottle washing, photo chemicals, textile auxiliaries, plastics and polymers, inks, paints and dyes and Water treatment.

Health & safety

This product is not classified according to the EU regulations.

Safety phrase: S24/25– Avoid contact with skin and eyes.

For full details see MSDS for sodium gluconate

.

Where to Buy Sodium Gluconate online

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What is pH Minus and how is it used?

sodium bisulphate

pH Minus

WHAT IS pH MINUS

pH Minus also known as Dry Acid or sodium bisulphate occurs as an odourless, hygroscopic white powder that is soluble in water. Its solutions are strongly acidic and corrosive. It is manufactured by reacting sodium hydroxide with sulphuric acid. Sodium bisulphate acts as a technological additive, a preservative, a disinfectant, an acidity regulator, a cleaner and a flavour enhancer. It is used in agriculture, metal, oil, food, cleaning and textile industries. Sodium bisulfate is frequently used as a replacement for Sulphuric Acid in many applications as sulphuric Acid is highly dangerous to transport.

Properties and specification of pH Minus :

  • Synonyms: Sodium hydrogen sulfate; sodium hydrogen sulphate; sodium bisulphate; sodium bisulfate; Sodium acid sulfate; Bisulfate of soda; Sodium acid sulphate; dry acid; pH Decreaser; pH down; pH minus.
  • CAS No: 7681–38–1
  • EINECS: 231–665–7120.06 g/mol
  • Molecular weight: 120.06 g/mol
  • Purity: 92% min
  • Formula: NaHSO4
  • Appearance: In the form of sperules white or slightly yellow.
  • Chloride content: 0.1% max
  • Iron (Fe): 0.015% max
  • Insoluble content: 0.01% max.
  • Solubility in Water: 1080g/l @ 25 C
  • Density: 2.742 g/cm3
  • Melting point: 315 C decomposes
  • pH: 1.2 – 1.3 @ 1.2% w/w solution

Sodium bisulphate is decomposed by alcohols producing sodium sulphate and sulphuric acid.

Buy Dry Acid  / Sodium bisulfate / sodium hydrogen sulphate

Uses for pH Minus :

  • Household cleaners, toilet cleaners etc
  • Acid cleaner for industry, breweries, dairies etc
  • Silver pickling See below for more details
  • To reduce alkalinity and pH in swimming pools. Commercially it is sold as “pH Decreaser”,  pH Reducer”, “pH Minus” or “pH Down”. See below for more details on how to use
  • As a preservative for soil and water samples in analytical laboratory analysis
  • Used for the dhydration of castor oil.
  • An auxillary agent for the bleaching and dyeing of wool.
  • A polishing and grinding agent for glass.
  • A pickling salt for the plumping and bleaching of skins in the leather industry.
  • As a flux for metal pickling. See below for more details
  • In the mineral oil industry for the extraction of nitrogen compounds from hydrocarbons (gas scrubbing).
  • As a silage additive.
  • Food grade sodium bisulphate is used as a food preservative.
  • When mixed with potassium dichromate it is used as a bleach in photography.
  • It has been used to reduce ammonia from manure in animal and poultry housing to reduce the number of flies. For more information click here

How to use pH Minus / sodium bisulfate / Dry acid in pools & spas

pH Minus  is used to lower the pH and to maintain total alkalinity TA in swimming pools and spas. It is safer and easier to use than hydrochloric acid (muriatic). It is easier to store but it also must be handled with care. The ideal pH of pool water should be 7.0–7.6 and total alkalinity should be maintained between 80 and 120ppm.

Pre-dissove the dry acid first by adding the dry acid into a large plastic bucket of water and then pouring the acid solution into the deep end of the pool, away from the skimmer and the fixtures. The Acid should be added when the pump is on and running. Retest the pH of the water in 4 hours and add more acid if needed. To calculate the amount of dry acid required to reduce the total alkalinity Click here

Helpful Tips: Do not add more than 150g of dry acid per 10,000 litres of pool water at any one time. Never add dry acid more than 3 times per day. Do not adjust the pH without first testing the Total Alkalinity. Dry acid may be used in a spa or hot tub.

Using Sodium Bisulphate as silver / metal pickle

The purpose of the sodium bisulphate solution is to remove ‘borax glass’ or fire scale left on metal during the heating process. The pickle solution can be made a 30% solution i.e. 300g per litre of water. Leave in the pickle until the surface appears white and free of fire scale. Note: Pickle should be kept warm, but not boiling. The warmer the solution the paster the process takes place. The optimum temperature is 57C to 95C. Sodium bisulphate is Acidic and it is an electrolyte. Never put iron into pickle. This will impart a copper tone to sterling silver.

Health & safety

R-phrases: R41 Risk of serious damage to eyes.

S-phrases: S24 Avoid contact with skin. S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

For full details see MSDS for pH Minus / Dry Acid  / sodium bisulfate

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