What is Shock Chlorine and how is it used?

WHAT IS SHOCK CHLORINE

Shock chlorine is the common name for Calcium hypochlorite, a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride, shock chlorine
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Shock chlorine

SHOCK CHLORINE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with Shock Chlorine:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

.

Where to Buy Shock chlorine / Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

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Where can i buy Shock Chlorine online UK and Ireland

WHAT IS SHOCK CHLORINE

Shock chlorine is the common name for Calcium hypochlorite, a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride, shock chlorine
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Shock chlorine

SHOCK CHLORINE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with Shock Chlorine:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

.

Where to Buy Shock chlorine / Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

Where can i buy calcium hypochlorite online UK and Ireland

WHAT IS CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE

Calcium hypochlorite is a powder chemical with the formula Ca(ClO)2. It is widely used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent (bleaching powder). This chemical is considered to be relatively stable and has greater available chlorine (65%) than sodium hypochlorite (liquid bleach).

  • Other names: Hypochlorous acid, calcium salt / Bleaching powder / Calcium Oxychloride
  • CAS No: 7778–54–3
  • EC No: 231–908–7
  • UN No: 1748
  • Appearance: white or grey/white powder with odour of chlorine
  • Molar Mass: 142.98 g/mol
  • Density: 2.35 g/cm3
  • Melting Point: 100oC

Uses for Calcium Hypochlorite

CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE FOR USE IN SWIMMING POOLS & SPAS:

Calcium hypochlorite is used for the disinfection of drinking water or swimming pool water. For use in outdoor swimming pools, calcium hypochlorite can be used as a sanitizer in combination with a cyanuric acid stabilizer. The stabilizer will reduce the loss of chlorine because of UV radiation. Calcium does make the water hard and tends to clog up some filters. However, some types of calcium hypochlorite do contain anti-scaling agents in order to prevent clogging up of pipes/filters. This grade of calcium hypochlorite can also be used in hard waters. The main advantage of calcium hypochlorite is that it is unstabilised unlike chlorinated isocyanurates such as sodium dichloroisocy­anurate or trichloroisocy­anuric acid. Latter products do contain cyanuric acid. If the level of cyanuric acid becomes too high, it will influence the performance of the chlorine.

Pools running on calcium hypochlorite should have a chlorine level of 1–2 ppm (mg/L).

Calcium hypochlorite is also used for bleaching cotton and linen and is used in the manufacture of chloroform.

For whitening in laundry one normally uses approx 200mls of 5% bleach per load. As the calcium hypochlorite is 65% chlorine then you will need around 15g of the calcium hypochlorite per wash. alternatively you can make a 5% solution by adding 77g of calcium hypochlorite to 1 litre of water and use 200mls of this solution.

Other uses are:

  • As a bathroom cleaner
  • For Cleaning secondhand items
  • Adds glow to glass dishware
  • As a Household disinfectant spray
  • It remove moss and algae from paths, patios and driveways
  • Use to sanitize garden tools
  • Kills weeds in walkways
  • Preserves and keeps cut flowers fresh
  • Can be used to Clean garden furniture,

Disinfecting drinking water with calcium hypochlorite:

Calcium hypo is used extensively throughout the world to purify drinking water and make it safe. you can either add it directly into water or make up stock solutions to use to treat batches of water. The first is better as stock solutions will deteriorate with time.

As a simple rule of thumb add 0.5g of solid calcium hypochlorite to 100 litres of water (dissolve the 0.5g in about 1 litre of water first and then add this to the 100 litres).

To read an article on how to disinfect water using Calcium Hypochlorite click here.

Health & Safety:

CLASS C: Oxidizing material. CLASS E: Corrosive solid.

R22– Harmful if swallowed. R38– Irritating to skin. R41– Risk of serious damage to eyes.

Where to Buy Calcium Hypochlorite online in the UK

Where to Buy sodium dichloroisocy­anurate / SDIC online

.

What is Ferric trichloride hexahydrate – what is it used for ?

ferric trichloride hexahydrate

What is  Ferric trichloride Hexahydrate

Ferric trichloride hexahydrate, commonly known as Ferric chloride hexahydrate,  is a yellow or brown crystalline salt which is very soluble in water and alcohols. It occurs in nature as the mineral molysite. It is manufactured from iron and chlorine or from ferric oxide and hydrogen chloride. The anhydrous salt is then hydrated to produce the hexahydrate Ferric trichloride. It is used in water treatment, copper etching, photoengraving, photography, the manufacture of pigments and ink and as laboratory reagent.

  • Other Names: Iron trichloride hexahydrate, Ferric chloride hexahydrate, Ferric trichloride hexahydrate,  Iron III chloride hexahydrate, Molysite, Flores martis,
  • Formula: FeCl3 6H2O
  • EEC No. 231–729–4
  • CAS No. 10025–77–1
  • UN No. 1773
  • Purity >97%
  • Appearance: Yellow / brown crystalline solid
  • Molar mass: 270.3 g/mol
  • Density: 1.82 g/cm3
  • Melting point: 37 C
  • Boiling Point: 280 C decomposes
  • Solubility in water: 92 g/100 mL @20C
  • pH: 2 (0.1M in water)
  • Vapour pressure: 1 hPa (1 mmHg) at 194C

Ferric chloride is soluble in water, acetone, methanol, ethanol and diethyl ether. Iron(III) chloride undergoes hydrolysis to give an acidic solution. The chemical composition of ferric chloride hexahydrate is Fe 20.66% Cl 39.35% and Water 39.99%. The crystal structure of ferric chloride hexahydrate has been determined from x-ray diffraction to show that in the crystals two chloride ions and four water molecules are arranged around each ferric ion to form octahedral [FeCl2(OH2)4]+ i­ons.

Uses for Ferric trichloride

Ferric Chloride forms a corrosive solution which is used as a coagulant in sewage and wastewater treatment and drinking water production. It is used to remove suspended solids and particulate matter from water. As a flocculant it has the function of precipitating heavy metals and sulfides, bleaching, deodorization, degreasing, sterilizing, dephosphorizing and decreasing the COD & BOD of effluent water.

It is commonly used as an etchant for copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron(III) chloride etches copper in a two-step redox reaction to copper(I) chloride and then to copper(II) chloride in the production of printed circuit boards. “Click Here” for instructions on how to make up etching solution.

Other uses include:

  • The anhydrous Ferric chloride is a powerful dehydrating agent and is used as a drying agent in certain reactions.
  • Staining blades of swords and knives.
  • Etching the widmanstatten pattern in iron meteorites.
  • For the etching of photogravure plates for printing photographic and fine art images in intaglio and for etching rotogravure cylinders used in the printing industry.
  • In the manufacture of pigments and inks.
  • Used in veterinary practice to treat overcropping of an animal’s claws.
  • Sometimes used in the technique of Raku firing as an additive during the reduction process, turning a pottery piece a burnt orange color due to the iron content present in the reducing atmosphere.
  • Used to test the pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steels and other alloys.
  • It is also used as a leaching agent in chloride hydrometallurgy. Used in the chlorination of silver and copper ores.
  • Iron(III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, forming ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), an important commodity chemical, which is mainly used for the industrial production of vinyl chloride, the monomer for making PVC.
  • As an oxidizer and mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • In the construction industry it can enhance the unit strength of concrete when adding a little of ferric chloride solution to the concrete mix.
  • Used by American coin collectors to identify the dates of Buffalo nickels that are so badly worn that the date is no longer visible.
  • Ferric chloride is used to make red-brown rosinates in varnishes.

Ferric trichloride In the laboratory

iron(III) chloride is commonly employed as a Lewis acid for catalysing reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reaction of aromatics. It forms adducts with Lewis bases such as triphenylphosphine oxide, e.g. FeCl3(OPPh3)2.

Iron(III) chloride is a mild oxidising agent, for example, it is capable of oxidising copper(I) chloride to copper(II) chloride.

When heated with iron(III) oxide at 350C, iron(III) chloride gives iron oxychloride.

Reducing agents such as hydrazine convert iron(III) chloride to complexes of iron(II).

Reacts with cyclopentadienyl magnesium bromide in one preparation of ferrocene, a metal-sandwich complex.

Used in conjunction with NaI in acetonitrile to mildly reduce organic azides to primary amines.

It is used to produce Weigerts iron hematoxylin solution for nuclear stains and trichrome staining.

Health & safety R22 Harmful if swallowed. R34 Causes burns.

Safety phrases: S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

For full details see MSDS for Ferric trichloride hexahydrate

.

Where to Buy Ferric trichloride Hexahydrate online

.

Buy Ferric chloride 40% solution

Buy Ferric chloride anhydrous crystals

What is Iron trichloride hexahydrate – what is it used for ?

Iron trichloride hexahydrate

What is  Iron trichloride Hexahydrate

Iron trichloride hexahydrate, commonly known as Ferric chloride hexahydrate,  is a yellow or brown crystalline salt which is very soluble in water and alcohols. It occurs in nature as the mineral molysite. It is manufactured from iron and chlorine or from ferric oxide and hydrogen chloride. The anhydrous salt is then hydrated to produce the hexahydrate Iron trichloride. It is used in water treatment, copper etching, photoengraving, photography, the manufacture of pigments and ink and as laboratory reagent.

  • Other Names: Iron trichloride hexahydrate, Ferric chloride hexahydrate, Ferric trichloride hexahydrate,  Iron III chloride hexahydrate, Molysite, Flores martis,
  • Formula: FeCl3 6H2O
  • EEC No. 231–729–4
  • CAS No. 10025–77–1
  • UN No. 1773
  • Purity >97%
  • Appearance: Yellow / brown crystalline solid
  • Molar mass: 270.3 g/mol
  • Density: 1.82 g/cm3
  • Melting point: 37 C
  • Boiling Point: 280 C decomposes
  • Solubility in water: 92 g/100 mL @20C
  • pH: 2 (0.1M in water)
  • Vapour pressure: 1 hPa (1 mmHg) at 194C

Iron chloride is soluble in water, acetone, methanol, ethanol and diethyl ether. Iron(III) chloride undergoes hydrolysis to give an acidic solution. The chemical composition of ferric chloride hexahydrate is Fe 20.66% Cl 39.35% and Water 39.99%. The crystal structure of ferric chloride hexahydrate has been determined from x-ray diffraction to show that in the crystals two chloride ions and four water molecules are arranged around each ferric ion to form octahedral [FeCl2(OH2)4]+ i­ons.

Uses for Iron trichloride

Iron Chloride forms a corrosive solution which is used as a coagulant in sewage and wastewater treatment and drinking water production. It is used to remove suspended solids and particulate matter from water. As a flocculant it has the function of precipitating heavy metals and sulfides, bleaching, deodorization, degreasing, sterilizing, dephosphorizing and decreasing the COD & BOD of effluent water.

It is commonly used as an etchant for copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron(III) chloride etches copper in a two-step redox reaction to copper(I) chloride and then to copper(II) chloride in the production of printed circuit boards. “Click Here” for instructions on how to make up etching solution.

Other uses include:

  • The anhydrous Iron chloride is a powerful dehydrating agent and is used as a drying agent in certain reactions.
  • Staining blades of swords and knives.
  • Etching the widmanstatten pattern in iron meteorites.
  • For the etching of photogravure plates for printing photographic and fine art images in intaglio and for etching rotogravure cylinders used in the printing industry.
  • In the manufacture of pigments and inks.
  • Used in veterinary practice to treat overcropping of an animal’s claws.
  • Sometimes used in the technique of Raku firing as an additive during the reduction process, turning a pottery piece a burnt orange color due to the iron content present in the reducing atmosphere.
  • Used to test the pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steels and other alloys.
  • It is also used as a leaching agent in chloride hydrometallurgy. Used in the chlorination of silver and copper ores.
  • Iron(III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, forming ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), an important commodity chemical, which is mainly used for the industrial production of vinyl chloride, the monomer for making PVC.
  • As an oxidizer and mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • In the construction industry it can enhance the unit strength of concrete when adding a little of ferric chloride solution to the concrete mix.
  • Used by American coin collectors to identify the dates of Buffalo nickels that are so badly worn that the date is no longer visible.
  • Iron chloride is used to make red-brown rosinates in varnishes.

Iron trichloride In the laboratory

iron(III) chloride is commonly employed as a Lewis acid for catalysing reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reaction of aromatics. It forms adducts with Lewis bases such as triphenylphosphine oxide, e.g. FeCl3(OPPh3)2.

Iron(III) chloride is a mild oxidising agent, for example, it is capable of oxidising copper(I) chloride to copper(II) chloride.

When heated with iron(III) oxide at 350C, iron(III) chloride gives iron oxychloride.

Reducing agents such as hydrazine convert iron(III) chloride to complexes of iron(II).

Reacts with cyclopentadienyl magnesium bromide in one preparation of ferrocene, a metal-sandwich complex.

Used in conjunction with NaI in acetonitrile to mildly reduce organic azides to primary amines.

It is used to produce Weigerts iron hematoxylin solution for nuclear stains and trichrome staining.

Health & safety R22 Harmful if swallowed. R34 Causes burns.

Safety phrases: S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

For full details see MSDS for Iron trichloride hexahydrate

.

Where to Buy Iron trichloride Hexahydrate online

.

Buy Ferric chloride 40% solution

Buy Ferric chloride anhydrous crystals

What is Iron III chloride hexahydrate – what is it used for ?

Iron  III chloride hexahydrate

What is  Iron III chloride Hexahydrate

Iron III chloride hexahydrate, commonly known as Ferric chloride hexahydrate,  is a yellow or brown crystalline salt which is very soluble in water and alcohols. It occurs in nature as the mineral molysite. It is manufactured from iron and chlorine or from ferric oxide and hydrogen chloride. The anhydrous salt is then hydrated to produce the hexahydrate Iron III chloride . It is used in water treatment, copper etching, photoengraving, photography, the manufacture of pigments and ink and as laboratory reagent.

  • Other Names: Iron trichloride hexahydrate, Ferric chloride hexahydrate, Ferric trichloride hexahydrate,  Iron III chloride hexahydrate, Molysite, Flores martis,
  • Formula: FeCl3 6H2O
  • EEC No. 231–729–4
  • CAS No. 10025–77–1
  • UN No. 1773
  • Purity >97%
  • Appearance: Yellow / brown crystalline solid
  • Molar mass: 270.3 g/mol
  • Density: 1.82 g/cm3
  • Melting point: 37 C
  • Boiling Point: 280 C decomposes
  • Solubility in water: 92 g/100 mL @20C
  • pH: 2 (0.1M in water)
  • Vapour pressure: 1 hPa (1 mmHg) at 194C

Iron chloride is soluble in water, acetone, methanol, ethanol and diethyl ether. Iron(III) chloride undergoes hydrolysis to give an acidic solution. The chemical composition of ferric chloride hexahydrate is Fe 20.66% Cl 39.35% and Water 39.99%. The crystal structure of ferric chloride hexahydrate has been determined from x-ray diffraction to show that in the crystals two chloride ions and four water molecules are arranged around each ferric ion to form octahedral [FeCl2(OH2)4]+ i­ons.

Uses for Iron III chloride

Iron Chloride forms a corrosive solution which is used as a coagulant in sewage and wastewater treatment and drinking water production. It is used to remove suspended solids and particulate matter from water. As a flocculant it has the function of precipitating heavy metals and sulfides, bleaching, deodorization, degreasing, sterilizing, dephosphorizing and decreasing the COD & BOD of effluent water.

It is commonly used as an etchant for copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron(III) chloride etches copper in a two-step redox reaction to copper(I) chloride and then to copper(II) chloride in the production of printed circuit boards. “Click Here” for instructions on how to make up etching solution.

Other uses include:

  • The anhydrous Iron chloride is a powerful dehydrating agent and is used as a drying agent in certain reactions.
  • Staining blades of swords and knives.
  • Etching the widmanstatten pattern in iron meteorites.
  • For the etching of photogravure plates for printing photographic and fine art images in intaglio and for etching rotogravure cylinders used in the printing industry.
  • In the manufacture of pigments and inks.
  • Used in veterinary practice to treat overcropping of an animal’s claws.
  • Sometimes used in the technique of Raku firing as an additive during the reduction process, turning a pottery piece a burnt orange color due to the iron content present in the reducing atmosphere.
  • Used to test the pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steels and other alloys.
  • It is also used as a leaching agent in chloride hydrometallurgy. Used in the chlorination of silver and copper ores.
  • Iron(III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, forming ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), an important commodity chemical, which is mainly used for the industrial production of vinyl chloride, the monomer for making PVC.
  • As an oxidizer and mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • In the construction industry it can enhance the unit strength of concrete when adding a little of ferric chloride solution to the concrete mix.
  • Used by American coin collectors to identify the dates of Buffalo nickels that are so badly worn that the date is no longer visible.
  • Iron chloride is used to make red-brown rosinates in varnishes.

Iron  III chloride In the laboratory

iron(III) chloride is commonly employed as a Lewis acid for catalysing reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reaction of aromatics. It forms adducts with Lewis bases such as triphenylphosphine oxide, e.g. FeCl3(OPPh3)2.

Iron(III) chloride is a mild oxidising agent, for example, it is capable of oxidising copper(I) chloride to copper(II) chloride.

When heated with iron(III) oxide at 350C, iron(III) chloride gives iron oxychloride.

Reducing agents such as hydrazine convert iron(III) chloride to complexes of iron(II).

Reacts with cyclopentadienyl magnesium bromide in one preparation of ferrocene, a metal-sandwich complex.

Used in conjunction with NaI in acetonitrile to mildly reduce organic azides to primary amines.

It is used to produce Weigerts iron hematoxylin solution for nuclear stains and trichrome staining.

Health & safety R22 Harmful if swallowed. R34 Causes burns.

Safety phrases: S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

For full details see MSDS for Iron  III chloride hexahydrate

.

Where to Buy Iron  III chloride Hexahydrate online

.

Buy Ferric chloride 40% solution

Buy Ferric chloride anhydrous crystals

What is Ferric chloride hexahydrate – what is it used for ?

ferric chloride hexahydrate

What is  Ferric chloride Hexahydrate

Ferric chloride hexahydrate is a yellow crystalline salt which is very soluble in water and alcohols. It occurs in nature as the mineral molysite. It is manufactured from iron and chlorine or from ferric oxide and hydrogen chloride. The anhydrous salt is then hydrated to produce the hexahydrate Ferric trichloride. It is used in water treatment, copper etching, photoengraving, photography, the manufacture of pigments and ink and as laboratory reagent.

  • Other Names: Iron trichloride, Ferric chloride hexahydrate, Iron III chloride hexahydrate, Molysite, Flores martis,
  • Formula: FeCl3 6H2O
  • EEC No. 231–729–4
  • CAS No. 10025–77–1
  • UN No. 1773
  • Purity >97%
  • Appearance: Yellow / brown crystalline solid
  • Molar mass: 270.3 g/mol
  • Density: 1.82 g/cm3
  • Melting point: 37 C
  • Boiling Point: 280 C decomposes
  • Solubility in water: 92 g/100 mL @20C
  • pH: 2 (0.1M in water)
  • Vapour pressure: 1 hPa (1 mmHg) at 194C

Ferric chloride is soluble in water, acetone, methanol, ethanol and diethyl ether. Iron(III) chloride undergoes hydrolysis to give an acidic solution. The chemical composition of ferric chloride hexahydrate is Fe 20.66% Cl 39.35% and Water 39.99%. The crystal structure of ferric chloride hexahydrate has been determined from x-ray diffraction to show that in the crystals two chloride ions and four water molecules are arranged around each ferric ion to form octahedral [FeCl2(OH2)4]+ i­ons.

Uses for Ferric chloride

Ferric Chloride forms a corrosive solution which is used as a coagulant in sewage and wastewater treatment and drinking water production. It is used to remove suspended solids and particulate matter from water. As a flocculant it has the function of precipitating heavy metals and sulfides, bleaching, deodorization, degreasing, sterilizing, dephosphorizing and decreasing the COD & BOD of effluent water.

It is commonly used as an etchant for copper-based metals in printed circuit boards. Iron(III) chloride etches copper in a two-step redox reaction to copper(I) chloride and then to copper(II) chloride in the production of printed circuit boards. “Click Here” for instructions on how to make up etching solution.

Other uses include:

  • The anhydrous Ferric chloride is a powerful dehydrating agent and is used as a drying agent in certain reactions.
  • Staining blades of swords and knives.
  • Etching the widmanstatten pattern in iron meteorites.
  • For the etching of photogravure plates for printing photographic and fine art images in intaglio and for etching rotogravure cylinders used in the printing industry.
  • In the manufacture of pigments and inks.
  • Used in veterinary practice to treat overcropping of an animal’s claws.
  • Sometimes used in the technique of Raku firing as an additive during the reduction process, turning a pottery piece a burnt orange color due to the iron content present in the reducing atmosphere.
  • Used to test the pitting and crevice corrosion resistance of stainless steels and other alloys.
  • It is also used as a leaching agent in chloride hydrometallurgy. Used in the chlorination of silver and copper ores.
  • Iron(III) chloride is used as catalyst for the reaction of ethylene with chlorine, forming ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), an important commodity chemical, which is mainly used for the industrial production of vinyl chloride, the monomer for making PVC.
  • As an oxidizer and mordant in dyeing and printing textiles.
  • In the construction industry it can enhance the unit strength of concrete when adding a little of ferric chloride solution to the concrete mix.
  • Used by American coin collectors to identify the dates of Buffalo nickels that are so badly worn that the date is no longer visible.
  • Ferric chloride is used to make red-brown rosinates in varnishes.

Ferric chloride In the laboratory

iron(III) chloride is commonly employed as a Lewis acid for catalysing reactions such as chlorination of aromatic compounds and Friedel-Crafts reaction of aromatics. It forms adducts with Lewis bases such as triphenylphosphine oxide, e.g. FeCl3(OPPh3)2.

Iron(III) chloride is a mild oxidising agent, for example, it is capable of oxidising copper(I) chloride to copper(II) chloride.

When heated with iron(III) oxide at 350C, iron(III) chloride gives iron oxychloride.

Reducing agents such as hydrazine convert iron(III) chloride to complexes of iron(II).

Reacts with cyclopentadienyl magnesium bromide in one preparation of ferrocene, a metal-sandwich complex.

Used in conjunction with NaI in acetonitrile to mildly reduce organic azides to primary amines.

It is used to produce Weigerts iron hematoxylin solution for nuclear stains and trichrome staining.

Health & safety R22 Harmful if swallowed. R34 Causes burns.

Safety phrases: S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible).

For full details see MSDS for Ferric chloride hexahydrate

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