What is Benzyl Alcohol
Benzyl alcohol is a colourless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odour. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapour pressure. It is partially soluble in water (4g/100mL) and completely miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether.
- Synonyms: Phenylmethanol; phenylcarbinol; Benzenemethanol; Benzoyl alcohol; Phenylmethyl alcohol;
- Formula: C6H5CH2OH
- CAS No: 202–859–9
- EINECS No: 100–51–6
- Molar mass: 108.14 g/mol
- Density: 1.044 g/cm3
- Solubility: partially soluble in water
- Melting point: –15 C
- Boiling point: 205 oC
- Flash point: 93 C
- Autoignition temperature: 436 C
- Acidity (pKa): 15.4
- Vapour pressure: 13.2 Pa at 20C
- Relative vapour density (air=1): 3.7
Uses for Benzyl alcohol
- Used in formulation of soaps, cosmetics and perfumes.
- Used as a photographic developer.
- Bacteriostatic preservative.
- Treatment against head lice using a 5% solution (Pharmaceutical grade).
- General solvent for inks and paints.
- Solvent for lacquers and epoxy resin coatings
Benzyl Alcohol BP may be used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in the European Union at a maximum concentration of 1%.
Benzyl Alcohol is also listed in in Annex III of the European Union Cosmetics Directive. Its use is restricted to solvents, perfumes and flavorings. When Benzyl Alcohol is used as a fragrance ingredient, Annex III requires that the presence of this fragrance ingredient be indicated on the label of the product, and its use is limited to 0.001% in leave-on products, and 0.01% in rinse-off products.
Health & Safety:
R-phrase(s) R20/22 Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
S-phrase(s) S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice
See MSDS for Benzyl Alcohol for full details